ИК-ФОТОЭЛЕКТРОНИКА: ФОТОННЫЕ ИЛИ ТЕПЛОВЫЕ ДЕТЕКТОРЫ? ПЕРСПЕКТИВЫ

Ф. Ф. Сизов

Анотація


Инфракрасные (ИК) детекторы приобретают все большую роль в различных областях деятельности человека (мониторинга окружающей среды, пожарной безопасности, связи, космического мониторинга поверхности Земли, медицинской диагностики, безопасности и военных применений, отслеживания и захвата целей, и т.п.). В статье обсуждаются вопросы, связанные с разработкой и эксплуатацией современных детекторов и крупноформатных (матричных) фотоприемных устройств (ФПУ) ИК-излучения. Прогресс в исследованиях и разработках ИК ФПУ оказали существенное влияние на развитие ИК технологий. Приведено сравнение характеристик ФПУ с учетом эксплуатационных условий и предельных параметров их функционирования.

Ключові слова


ИК-детекторы, ФПУ, кадмий-ртуть-теллур, неохлаждаемые детекторы

Посилання


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18524/1815-7459.2015.1.104447

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